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April 11, 2012 8:25 PM

Ted Olson Files Affidavit in Support of Koch Brothers' Second Suit Against Cato Institute

Posted by Claire Zillman

UPDATE, 4/11/12, 10:00 p.m. EDT: The eleventh paragraph has been updated to reflect a statement by Cato responding to the charges in the Kochs' second lawsuit. 

David and Charles Koch have thrown another punch in their ongoing fight against The Cato Institute, the Washington, D.C.–based libertarian think tank that they helped found. On Monday the billionaire brothers filed a second suit in state court in Kansas against Cato, challenging its appointment of four new board members. 

Also on Monday, Theodore Olson—the Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher partner who's both a Cato board member and Koch Industries's outside counsel—filed an affidavit in support of the suit. And while Stinson Morrison, which filed the Kochs's first suit against Cato, is also working on the second suit, the brothers have also retained Williams & Connolly.

The skirmish between the Kochs and Cato began in early March when the brothers filed a lawsuit in state court in Kansas claiming that they should have the option to buy the shares that belonged to the nonprofit's former chairman, William Niskanen. Niskanen died in October at age 78. At the time of his death, Niskanen owned 25 percent of Cato and the Kochs owned 50 percent, according to the brothers' first complaint.

The Koch brothers, who are the principals of conglomerate Koch Industries as well as major Republican party donors, claim that the shareholders agreement requires that Kathryn Washburn, Niskanen's widow and a named defendant, offer her late husband's shares to the Institute. If the Institute declined to buy Niskanen's shares, the remaining shareholders—the Koch brothers, and Cato president and director Edward Crane III—would have the option to purchase them, according to the complaint.

In a statement last month, Crane, who was also named as a defendant, called the first suit a "hostile takeover" and an attempt by Charles Koch "to transform Cato from an independent, nonpartisan research organization into a political entity that might better support his partisan agenda." Crane said Cato would fight the suit vehemently "in order to continue as an independent research organization, advocating for individual liberty, limited government, free markets and peace."

On Tuesday, Cato filed its official answer to the Kochs' first suit. In the answer, posted on the Cato Web site, the Institute denied the Kochs' characterization of its shareholders agreement. "The shareholders agreement is a written document that speaks for itself," the response says.

In their second suit (filed in the same Kansas court), the Koch brothers accuse Crane, Cato board chairman Robert Levy, and seven other board members of improperly adding four directors to Cato's board, which effectively diluted the Kochs' voting power. At a special board meeting on March 22, the board voted 9 to 7 to pass bylaw resolutions that created four new director positions, and then filled them. (The suit also names the four new directors as defendants.) The Kochs seek to invalidate the election of the new directors on the basis that it "was irreparably tainted by breaches of the fiduciary duties of loyalty and care on the part of the nine Cato directors who voted in favor of seating" the new directors. The suit also seeks a status quo order that would prevent the Cato board from taking any other action outside the ordinary course of its business until litigation stemming from the first Koch lawsuit ends. 

Ted Olson was elected to Cato's board at a shareholder meeting on March 1. He attended the March 22 board meeting by phone, but according to the Kochs' most recent complaint, he was not aligned with the bloc that passed the bylaw resolutions. In his affidavit (dated April 9, the same day as the Kochs' latest complaint), he voiced his displeasure with the process in which the new directors were elected.

Olson's affidavit said that board chairman Levy e-mailed the existing directors about the proposed changes to Cato's bylaws just 72 hours before the March 22 special meeting, when voting on the changes would take place. Because of the timing and content of Levy's e-mails leading up to the March 22 meeting, Olson said that he had "very little time to consider the proposed resolutions or to fully understand their potential implications." He adds in the affidavit, "I was very disappointed that there were not more materials to support or explain them."

Olson was not immediately available to comment.

In a statement by Levy, the Institute denied the claims in the Kochs' latest lawsuit. "Our board acted wholly within its authority at the March 22 special directors meeting," he said. 

For their first suit against Cato, the Kochs tapped Daniel Crabtree and Heather Woodson, partners at Kansas City, Missouri–based Stinson Morrison, as we previously reported. The Cato Institute turned to Polsinelli Shughart partners Timothy Sear and Robert Henderson. Kathryn Washburn, William Niskanen's widow, hired Matt Geiger and Benjamin Prell of Kansas City–based Gaddy Geiger Brown. Mark Gunnison of Payne & Jones is representing Cato president Edward Crane. 

For their second suit, the Kochs have again picked Crabtree and Woodson at Stinson Morrison to serve as lead counsel. But the brothers have also added Williams & Connolly partner Emmet Flood and associate C.J. Mahoney to their legal team. Flood was deputy and special counsel to the president under President George W. Bush. Asked for comment, Flood referred questions to Koch Industries spokeswoman Melissa Cohlima, who said that the latest Koch suit is Williams & Connolly's only current representation of the Kochs. The Kochs hired the firm because of its "expertise, especially in litigation," Cohlima said in an e-mail. 

Cato has not yet officially responded to the second Koch suit, and counsel has not yet appeared on their behalf. 

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